* Some courses can also be taught WebLive

All Wireless: RF, Bluetooth, WiFi, WiMAX, CDMA, GSM/UMTS/LTE

Courses: RF and Wireless Networks
  • Course:All Wireless: RF, Bluetooth, WiFi, WiMAX, CDMA, GSM/UMTS/LTE
  • Course ID:ALL-WIRELESS Duration:6 days Private Class
  • Available as a private, customized course for your group at your offices or ours and in some cases as a WebLive(TM) class.

  • Download Course Description (PDF)

Course Outline

Part 1: Introduction to Cellular Communications

 

  • Cellular System Concepts
    • Base stations
    • Mobile stations
    • Mobile switching center
  • Uplink and Downlink Duplexing
    • Time Division Duplexing (TDD)
    • Frequency Division Duplexing (FDD)
    • Comparisons
  • Multiple Access Methods
    • Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA)
    • Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA)
    • Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA)
    • Frequency hopping concept
  • Networking
    • Circuit and packet switching
  • Evolution of Cellular Communications
    • 3GPP, 3GPP2, and IEEE LAN/MAN standardization
    • 1G to 4G progression and technology differences
    • Mobile phone samples and comparisons

 

Part 2: Radio Wave Spectrum, Propagation, and Antennas

 

  • The Electromagnetic Spectrum
    • Types of radio services
    • Spectrum characteristics
  • Radio Frequency (RF) System Measurements
    • Power measurement using the decibel (dB)
    • Signal to noise and interference ratios
  • Antennas
    • Terminology
    • Gain and loss
    • Law of reciprocity
    • Handset antennas
    • Base station antennas
  • RF Propagation in Fixed and Mobile Environments
    • Propagation mechanisms
    • Path loss models
    • Maximum range calculations
    • Multipath and fading
  • Cell Planning and Frequency Reuse
    • Frequency reuse calculations
    • Cell sectoring
    • Cell splitting
    • Antenna downtilt

 

Part 3: Modulation and Coding

 

  • Basic Modulation Methods
    • Modulated signal structure
    • Amplitude, frequency, and phase modulation
    • Bit error rate performance in Gaussian noise
  • Advanced Modulation Methods
    • Gaussian Filtered Frequency Shift Keying (GFSK)
    • Quadrature Phase Shift Keying (QPSK)
    • Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM)
    • Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM)
  • Spread Spectrum Systems
    • Frequency hop
    • Direct sequence
    • Multiple access methods
  • Error Control
    • Error detection
    • Error correction
    • Automatic repeat request
    • Hybrid methods
  • Speech Coding
    • Speech quality rating
    • Speech coding categories and complexity
    • Speech coding techniques and standards
    • Speech frame construction
    • Adaptive Multi-Rate (AMR) speech coding
  • SIM Card and its Contents
    • SIM specification
    • Data stored on the SIM
    • SIM card variations

 

Part 4: Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP)

 

  • 3GPP Standardization Process
    • The need for standardization
    • ITU and ETSI
    • 3GPP structure and operation
    • 3GPP releases
  • Summary of 3GPP Standards
    • GSM, GPRS, and EDGE overview
    • UMTS/WCDMA and HSPA overview
    • LTE overview
  • Major 3GPP technology players
    • Worldwide deployment summary
    • Vendor and equipment summary

 

Part 5: 3GPP2 and IEEE Systems

 

  • Summary of 3GPP2 Cellular Standards
    • cdmaOne
    • cdma2000
    • EVDO
  • Summary of IEEE 802.16 WiMAX
    • Usage
    • History
    • Features
  • Market Penetration and Deployment Status

 

Part 6: GSM

 

  • GSM Architecture and Protocols
    • Base station subsystem
    • Network switching subsystem
  • GSM Physical Channels
    • Modulation and coding
    • Frame structure and hierarchy
    • Time slots and their use within a frame
    • Physical channels and their properties
    • Uplink and downlink timing
  • GSM Logical Channels and Burst Family
    • Broadcast, control, and traffic channels
    • Bursts: normal, frequency correction, synchronization, access, dummy
  • Radio Subsystem Link Control
    • Radio performance requirements
    • Channel measurements
    • Transmission power control
    • Cell search, selection, and reselection
    • Channel failure disconnect
    • Power conservation
  • Radio Resource Management
    • Connection setup and release
    • Mobility management
    • Connection management
  • Call Routing and Termination
    • Routing calls to the mobile station
    • Call termination
  • Handover
    • Intra-MSC handover
    • Handover decision process and timing
    • MAP and inter-MSC handover
  • GPRS and EDGE on the GSM Air Interface
    • GPRS/EDGE system architecture
    • Modulation, coding, and ARQ
    • GPRS logical channels and data exchange
    • Packet exchange process

 

Part 7: 3GPP: GPRS and EDGE

 

  • General Packet Radio Service (GPRS)
    • Network architecture
    • Protocol structures
    • GPRS on the GSM air interface
    • Medium access control
    • Radio link control
    • Mobility management
  • Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution (EDGE)
    • EDGE modulation and coding
    • Air interface protocols
    • MAC and RLC procedures

 

Part 8: 3GPP: UMTS and HSPA

 

  • UMTS Architecture and Protocols
    • UTRAN radio network controller and NodeB
    • Core network architecture and protocols
  • UMTS Physical Layer
    • WCDMA modulation and coding
    • Transport channels
    • User data transmission
    • Signaling
    • Cell search and access
  • Radio Interface Protocols
    • Medium access control
    • Radio link control
    • Packet data convergence protocol
    • Radio resource control
  • Radio Resource Management
    • Power control
    • Cell search, selection, and reselection
    • Handovers
    • Admission control
  • High-speed Packet Access (HSPA) operation
    • HSPA timeline and features
    • HSPA modulation methods
    • HSDPA physical layer and performance
    • HSUPA physical layer and performance
    • Comparison of HSPA channels carrying user data

 

Part 9: 3GPP2: cdmaOne, cdma2000, and EvDO

 

  • CDMA Codes and Sequences
    • Maximal length sequences
    • Walsh codes
  • Forward Link Channel
    • Modulation
    • Pilot channel
    • Synchronization channel
    • Control channels
    • Paging channels
    • Traffic channels
  • Reverse Link Channels
    • Pilot channel
    • Access channel
    • Control channels
    • Traffic channels
  • Call Processing
    • Initialization
    • System access
    • Authentication
  • Resource Management
    • Power control
    • Handoff
  • Evolution-Data Optimized (EvDO) Operations
    • Requirements
    • Reference model
    • Forward and reverse channels
    • Modulation and coding
    • Power control
    • Scheduling

 

Part 10: Diversity and Advanced Antenna Systems

 

  • Principles of Adaptive Modulation and Coding
    • Adaptive methods
    • Performance
  • Antenna Arrays
    • Isotropic radiators and omnidirectional antennas
    • Directional antennas
    • Phased and adaptive arrays
  • Diversity Methods
    • Switched diversity, equal gain combining, and maximal ratio combining
    • Delay and cyclic delay diversity
    • Space-time coding
    • Frequency hop diversity
  • Spatial Multiplexing, MIMO, and Beamforming
    • Open and closed loop methods
    • Multi-user antenna techniques
    • Beamforming
    • Direction-of-arrival estimation
  • Smart Antennas
    • Basic principles and configurations
    • Space division multiple access
    • Benefits and drawbacks

 

Part 11: 3GPP: LTE and LTE Advanced

 

  • LTE System Architecture
    • Evolved packet core network entities
    • User plane functions and protocols
    • Control plane functions and protocols
  • General LTE Operation
    • Frequency bands
    • Downlink and uplink modulation
    • Transmission resource structure
    • Error control
    • Spatial multiplexing
    • Performance requirements
  • LTE Downlink
    • User protocol architecture
    • Channel mapping
    • Logical, transport, and physical channel functions
    • Cell acquisition
    • IP packet processing and physical data mapping
    • Control functions
    • Radio resource management
  • LTE Uplink
    • UL/DL similarities and differences
    • Channel mapping
    • Random access
    • Data transfer
    • Power save methods
    • Link activity and capacity
  • Features of LTE-Advanced
    • Background
    • 3GPP requirements and Release 10 summary
    • Carrier aggregation
    • Enhanced uplink multiple access
    • Enhanced multi-antenna transmissions
    • Coordinated multipoint transmissions and relaying
    • Self-optimized and self-organized networking
    • Enhanced inter-cell interference coordination (eICIC)
    • Femtocells

 

Part 12: IEEE: 802.16 WiMAX

 

  • Overview
    • Reference model
    • Summary of WiMAX standards
  • Physical Layer
    • RX requirements
    • Link budget
    • OFDM parameters
    • Data rates
  • Advanced Antennas
    • Receive and transmit diversity
    • MIMO operations
    • Advanced antenna options
  • Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access (OFDMA)
    • Subcarrier mapping
  • Medium Access Control (MAC)
    • MAC allocations
    • TDD example
  • QoS, Security, and Certification
  • LTE and WiMAX comparisons

 

Part 13: Location-Based Services

 

  • Introduction to LBS
    • Definitions
    • Classifications and applications
  • Location Services Methods and Performance
    • Accuracy requirements
    • Cell identity and timing advance
    • Enhanced observed time difference
    • Uplink time difference of arrival
    • Assisted GPS

 

Part 14: Communication Security

 

  • Wireless Security Challenges
    • Threat categories and attack methods
    • General security setup process
  • Attacks in Mobile Environments
    • Illicit use
    • Spoofing
    • Man-in-the-middle
    • Interception of data
    • Denial of service
  • Cryptography Basics
    • Symmetric cryptography
    • Asymmetric cryptography
    • Public Key Infrastructure (PKI)
    • Digital signature
    • Cryptographic attacks
  • Access Control and Authentication
    • Weak and strong authentication schemes
    • Attacks on authentication
    • Authorization and access control
  • GSM Security
    • GSM security model
    • Attacks on GSM
    • GSM encryption algorithms
  • Overview of UMTS Network Security
    • Access and domain security
    • Mitigating GSM security weaknesses
    • Attacks on 3G networks
  • Overview of LTE Network Security
    • Security architecture
    • Authentication and key agreement
    • Signaling and user data protection

 

Part 15: Beyond 4G

 

  • Evolution towards 5G
    • Background
    • Desired characteristics and performance
    • Software-defined and cognitive radio
  • Course Wrap-up

 

Course Overview

Course in a Nutshell

We designed this course for the unique needs of those who are new to RF/wireless, or who can use a refresher on it, and need a comprehensive course covering the basics of RF/wireless as well as all of the current and emerging technologies including GSM/GPRS/EDGE, CDMA, WiMAX, UMTS/HSPA, LTE, and 5G.  Diversity and smart antenna systems, location-based technologies, and wireless network security are also discussed.  The course is taught by a highly qualified subject matter expert experienced with a wide range of RF/wireless technologies and comes in technical and non-technical versions. While the full course is 7 days long, most clients are able to exclude some topics or reduce their coverage depth to make it a five-day course.

 

Customize It

We can customize this course, usually at little to no added cost, in a number of ways that include:

  • If you are familiar with some aspects of RF wireless, we can omit or shorten their discussion.
  • We can adjust the emphasis placed on the various topics or build the course around the mix of technologies of interest to you (including technologies other than those included in this outline).
  • If you’re interested in the short-range wireless technologies such as WiFi and Bluetooth, those can be added to the course.
  • If your background is nontechnical, we can exclude the more technical topics, include the topics that may be of special interest to you (e.g., as a manager or policy-maker), and present the course in manner understandable to lay audiences.

 

Learn How To

Describe and apply the key concepts, principles, techniques, and technologies of wireless communications including:

  • RF basics including propagation/fading, antennas
  • Cellular basics including cell planning and reuse
  • Architecture and operation of a cellular network
  • Modulation and coding
  • Evolution of wireless from 1G to 4G and beyond
  • 2G/2.5G technologies: GSM, GPRS, EDGE, cdmaOne
  • 3G/3G+ technologies: cdma2000, EvDO, UMTS/HSPA, LTE, WiMAX
  • 4G/4G+ technologies: LTE, LTE Advanced, 5G
  • Wireless network security
  • Location based services

 

Audience / Prerequisites

Aimed At

Those who work with a variety of wireless technologies or whose job requires a broad understanding of the entire RF/wireless field. This includes individuals in national defense, homeland security, technical investigations, and the private sector.

 

Group Size

5-25

 

Prerequisites

Technical background and exposure to telecommunications, RF, or wireless systems will be helpful, though the course can be taught at a level understandable to a less technical audience.

 

Testimonials
  • "Great job! Instructor showed outstanding knowledge of the content and made the class very interesting. Great at answering questions and provided us with a lot of practical information. Excellent class!" – Major US Defense/Aerospace Company
  • "Content was tailored perfectly in reference to what we requested ... 5+ out of 5. Bob was one of the best instructors we've had in a long time. Kept it interesting and clearly explained every topic. Very beneficial for our type of job." – Mike M., Team Leader, US Department of Defense
  • "The course opened up a whole host of new technologies to me. Good interaction between the instructor and the students. The instructor related well to my learning style. I learned a lot.” – Network Technician, US Department of Defense
  • "I gained a better understanding of the evolution and processes used in communications. No one could explain equations and algorithms better than this instructor. Great use of analogies!" – RM, Inspector, US Department of Justice
  • “Covered all the topics we requested, good materials. Excellent instructor, clear comments, clarified all questions ... very good interaction with the audience.” – Jose Fernando, Product Development Engineer, Embraer Aircraft